With an approximate one in 5 Indian girls affected by polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS), docs say that extra consciousness is required concerning the situation, particularly as a result of it may be managed by correct food regimen, train and life-style adjustments. A serious facet impact of the hormone dysfunction? Acne and hair loss. These are additionally the signs that the majority sufferers current with first. We spoke to a dermatologist and a gynaecologist for his or her take.
How does PCOS impression the pores and skin and hair?
Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) is a situation the place girls produce higher-than-normal quantities of male or androgen hormones. This manifests as small cysts on the ovaries, which disrupt hormone ranges after which trigger irregular (or delayed intervals) on account of an ovulation imbalance. However what reveals on the skin—zits, thinning hair and extra facial hair, is what sufferers often seek the advice of their physicians for first.
“PCOS disrupts your pores and skin and hair texture. As a result of there may be an excessive amount of testosterone within the physique, there is a rise in sebum and pores and skin cell manufacturing, resulting in zits. PCOS-induced zits reveals up on the jawline, cheeks, chin and higher neck,” shares Dr Gupta. Not solely is hormonal zits uncomfortable, but it surely additionally could be painful, because the cysts and nodules could be long and hard lasting. “In some circumstances, the pores and skin texture turns into dry and there may be darkening of the neck and underarms noticed,” provides Dr Mayur Das, guide, obstetrics and gynaecology, Max Tremendous Speciality Hospital, Delhi.
Hair progress can also be thrown off steadiness. “PCOS causes extra hair progress on face, chest or again. That is known as hirsutism, and is a quite common symptom. In plenty of circumstances, there may be thicker hair progress on the face and physique, however thinning of hair or hair loss near the frontal hairline,” states Dr Das. On account of an overabundance of testosterone or androgen, hair could change into skinny or brittle, and start to fall out with out being instantly changed.
Easy methods to deal with the signs of PCOS
The underlying trigger is the hormonal imbalance, and the remedy for it’s multifaceted. Medical doctors could prescribe oral contraceptives to lower androgen manufacturing and regulate oestrogen, or could deal with every symptom (just like the hair loss or excessive zits) individually by means of drugs or topicals.