Hair loss is an often-reported and difficult criticism that could be attributable to a variety of situations. The psychosocial influence of hair loss could be profound. Pediatricians ought to perceive the causes of hair loss in kids and adolescents, together with the varied vary of congenital and systemic problems related to alopecia, and implement up-to-date administration pointers in scientific follow.
After finishing this text, readers ought to be capable of:
Know the frequent causes of hair loss in kids and adolescents: from autoimmune (eg, alopecia areata, alopecia totalis) to psychiatric (eg, trichotillomania) problems.
Acquire appreciation of the genetic syndromes related to hair loss in kids.
Talk about therapy methods for the varied causes of hair loss.
Diagnose alopecia past tinea, giving consideration to hair merchandise and cultural practices and their impact on hair loss.
Hair loss in kids and adolescents may result from varied situations, which can be acquired or congenital and vary in severity. Hair loss can current in in any other case wholesome sufferers, or it may be an indication of underlying malnutrition, toxicity, or systemic illness. Tinea capitis (TC), telogen effluvium (TE), traction alopecia (TA), trichotillomania, alopecia areata (AA), congenital alopecia, and hair cycle problems are among the most prevalent causes of hair loss in kids (Desk 1). (1)(2) Different causes embrace thyroid problems, systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE), diabetes mellitus, structural abnormalities of the hair shaft, iron deficiency anemia, and malnutrition. (1)(2) Administration of hair loss in pediatric populations is commonly tough, however remedies can be found for a lot of situations. Psychosocial help is a vital part when managing alopecia. Hair loss typically causes emotional misery and should lead to long-standing psychosocial problems, making a well timed analysis important. (1) An understanding of the varied causes and administration of hair loss is important for all health-care suppliers.