Weeks into the California’s mass vaccination plan, we’re far delayed. Of the roughly 2 million doses which were distributed, solely about 650,000 have been injected into the arms of state residents, based on Friday’s information from the California Division of Public Well being.
Dealing with criticism, officers at the moment are shifting to increase entry. This week they started to supply vaccines to the subsequent two tiers of eligible recipients — shifting past hospital staffers to a broader vary of well being care staff, comparable to individuals who work in specialty clinics, dental clinics and pharmacies.
As early as subsequent week, dentists will probably be provided a four-hour on-line coaching course on the way to administer the shot.
In the meantime, President-elect Joe Biden introduced Friday that his administration would launch practically all accessible vaccine doses when he takes workplace later this month, fairly than holding again provides for a second dose. At the moment, the Pfizer and Moderna vaccines are permitted to be used.
Right here’s a take a look at the method, and when you possibly can count on to be vaccinated.
Who’s getting the vaccine now?
We’re presently in Part 1A, offering the vaccine to well being care staff and residents of long-term care amenities. Part 1A has three tiers; counties are shifting by means of these tiers at totally different speeds, relying on native provide and demand.
Tier 1: Acute care, psychiatric & correctional facility hospitals; workers and residents of expert nursing & assisted dwelling amenities; paramedics, emergency medical technicians and dialysis facilities.
Tier 2: Intermediate care amenities; residence well being care; neighborhood well being staff; public well being staff; major care clinics; correctional facility clinics, rural clinics, and pressing care amenities.
Tier 3: Different settings and well being care staff, together with specialty clinics, lab staff, dental and oral well being clinics and pharmacy workers who weren’t lined in increased tiers.
This part of the vaccine rollout is comparatively straightforward as a result of employers are merely notifying their workers. Workers are simply identifiable by means of skilled licenses, worker badges or pay stubs.
Nearly all of doses for residents of expert nursing and assisted dwelling amenities are distributed by the federal authorities’s pharmacy program, not the state, though some counties have opted out of that program. CVS or Walgreens is speaking instantly with every facility.
Who will get the vaccine subsequent?
The subsequent step is Part 1B, which can probably begin in early February. The hope is for everybody on this part to be provided a minimum of one dose by late March. Part 1B has two tiers:
Tier 1: Anybody age 75 and older; staff in schooling and youngster care; emergency providers staff (fireplace, police and corrections officers); staff in meals and agriculture, together with grocery retailer staff.
Tier 2: Anybody 65 and older; staff in transportation/logistics; industrial, residential, & business sheltering amenities /providers; vital manufacturing; incarcerated people; homeless.
When the vaccine is out there to those teams, it is going to probably be given by medical doctors and well being plans, major care clinics, pharmacies, some workplaces and particular vaccination websites run by county departments of public well being and different neighborhood companions.
If you happen to’re eligible based mostly in your age, your physician or well being plan could attain out. Kaiser, as an illustration, will determine eligible members and provide an appointment. Native well being departments say they’ll search out older adults by working with neighborhood teams and retirement communities.
If you happen to’re eligible based mostly in your occupation — schooling, agriculture and meals providers — your employer could notify you. Medical doctors can’t make that call, as a result of they don’t preserve occupation data. County well being departments will talk with employers relating to entry to mass vaccination websites. Some employers could conduct their very own vaccination campaigns.
People who find themselves incarcerated will probably be reached by means of correction officers. Individuals at homeless shelters will probably be vaccinated by “strike groups” or at mass vaccination websites, run by county well being departments.
Who’s after that?
Part 1C comes subsequent. There’s no estimated begin date but to vaccinate this group however officers intention to supply everybody on this part a minimum of one dose of vaccine by late April or early Might.
This group contains anybody age 50 or older and anybody age 16 to 49 at excessive threat on account of incapacity or underlying medical situations and/or incapacity (most cancers, persistent kidney illness, persistent obstructive pulmonary illness, coronary heart situations, organ transplant, weight problems, being pregnant, sickle cell illness, smoking and kind 2 diabetes mellitus).
This group additionally contains staff in water and waste administration; protection; vitality; communication and knowledge expertise; monetary providers; chemical compounds/hazardous supplies; authorities operations or neighborhood service.
These teams will get vaccines from medical doctors and well being plans, major care clinics, pharmacies, some workplaces and particular vaccination websites run by county departments of public well being and different neighborhood companions.
What about the remainder of us?
Part 2 is simply proposed and can probably change earlier than the estimated begin date of spring 2021.
It would in all probability embrace the workers and residents of congregate settings and group properties for individuals with disabilities or severe psychological sickness, in addition to individuals at reasonable threat on account of underlying well being situations.
As provides increase, it is going to additionally embrace the overall inhabitants, youngsters and staff not lined in Part 1.
How do I do know if I’m eligible?
Name the state’s COVID-19 hotline: 1-833-422-4255 (8:00 a.m. to eight:00 p.m. Monday – Friday; 8:00 a.m. to five p.m. Saturday and Sunday). The hotline will present basic details about eligibility in Part 1A, 1B and 1C. Present your age and an outline of the type of work you do.
I’m a veteran. The place do I’m going?
Just like the state, the Veterans Administration additionally has a phased plan. It’s presently providing vaccines to those three teams: Veterans dwelling in long-term care amenities, veterans with spinal wire accidents and VA well being care personnel.
After completion of those teams, the VA will start to supply vaccines to veterans who’re at excessive threat of extreme sickness on account of age or well being, based mostly on federal standards.
If you happen to’re a veteran who’s eligible to get a vaccine, your VA well being care crew will contact you.
Are weak communities getting any particular assist?
Utilizing the “California Wholesome Locations Index,” a web-based instrument that measures life expectancy and dwelling situations throughout the state, well being officers intention to trace vaccination charges amongst communities and goal underserved neighborhoods and rural areas.
How rapidly does the vaccine defend me?
It usually takes a number of weeks for the physique to construct immunity after vaccination. Which means it’s doable an individual could possibly be contaminated with the virus that causes COVID-19 simply after vaccination and nonetheless get sick. It’s not recognized how lengthy vaccine-induced immunity lasts, however after COVID-19 infections, most individuals have a sturdy immune response lasting a minimum of 8 months.
What else is within the pipeline?
Each Johnson & Johnson and AstraZeneca will probably get outcomes of their U.S. COVID-19 vaccine trial by late January. If all goes properly, they’d search emergency use authorization in February.
The general efficacy of those two vaccines in stopping an infection is decrease than the Pfizer and Moderna vaccines. However they produce other benefits. Each vaccines are simpler to retailer as a result of they don’t require freezing. The Johnson & Johnson vaccine is a single dose, making administration less complicated.
At the moment, you do not need a alternative of vaccine. However when a number of can be found, which will change, as some individuals could choose the photographs with increased efficacy – or one shot, for extra simplicity.