Chemotherapy is a therapy for most cancers. It includes the usage of medication that concentrate on rapidly-growing most cancers cells to cease or gradual their development.
Chemotherapy medication also can goal wholesome rapidly-growing cells within the physique. This will likely result in negative effects. An individual present process chemotherapy can take precautions that will scale back these results.
This text will discover issues an individual ought to keep away from throughout chemotherapy. It can additionally discover suggestions relating to issues to do and precautions to take whereas present process chemotherapy.
Chemotherapy not solely targets the rapidly-growing most cancers cells but in addition wholesome, rapidly-growing cells within the physique. These embody the cells that line the intestines and mouth, and the hair follicles.
Due to this, an individual present process chemotherapy may experience negative effects.
Listed below are 11 issues an individual can keep away from throughout chemotherapy to reduce negative effects and make sure the therapy is efficient:
1. Meals that have an effect on CYP enzymes
Cytochrome P450 (CYP) enzymes are molecules that
- grapefruits, together with their juice
- Seville oranges, together with their juice
- St. John’s Wort
Because of this, an individual ought to keep away from actions which might be mentally or bodily taxing. This consists of strenuous work or train.
3. Interacting with individuals who have infections
Some chemotherapy remedies can increase the chance of an infection.
There can be factors throughout chemotherapy therapy cycles the place an individual’s variety of white blood cells is decrease than typical. These cells are answerable for preventing infections.
Throughout these instances, it is crucial that an individual minimizes their threat of an infection. This consists of avoiding contact with folks that will have energetic infections.
An individual ought to keep away from smoking throughout chemotherapy, as tobacco and cigarette smoke can result in negative effects.
Cigarettes also can worsen the negative effects of chemotherapy. A
Smoking may additionally impact drug absorption. A
5. Ingesting alcohol
Alcohol may additionally work together with chemotherapy medication, which can increase the chance of adverse negative effects. An individual ought to keep away from ingesting alcohol closely or regularly throughout chemotherapy.
6. Undercooked or uncooked meals
Undercooked and uncooked meals might comprise infection-causing germs. As a result of most cancers and chemotherapy weaken the physique’s immune system, an individual present process chemotherapy might discover it tougher to combat such infections.
Examples of uncooked or undercooked meals to keep away from include:
- uncooked fish or shellfish akin to sushi and oysters
- uncooked nuts
- moldy cheeses akin to blue cheese
- raw or soft-cooked eggs
- meals from bulk bins
- recent salsas and salad dressings
- uncooked honey
7. Spicy and acidic meals
Chemotherapy can cause sores to type within the mouth. It’s because therapy additionally impacts rapidly-growing cells within the lining of the mouth and lips, not simply the most cancers cells.
It’s best to keep away from spicy and acidic meals that will trigger ache when the mouth is sore. These include:
- chili peppers
- scorching sauces
8. Laborious meals
An individual present process chemotherapy who has mouth sores might wish to keep away from exhausting and sharp meals which may be troublesome to chew and swallow or that will trigger extra ache within the mouth. These include:
- biscuits and cookies
- potato chips
9. Nutritional vitamins and dietary supplements
Nevertheless, some nutritional vitamins might have an effect on the efficacy of chemotherapy therapy. A 2019 study investigating breast cancer remedies discovered taking nutritional vitamins, akin to A, C, and B12, throughout chemotherapy was related to considerably poorer outcomes.
10. Ultraviolet (UV) Gentle
A number of the negative effects of chemotherapy embody dry, itchy, purple, and peeling pores and skin. Chemotherapy might trigger an individual’s pores and skin to grow to be more sensitive to daylight and so they additionally might develop minor rashes.
For these causes, an individual present process chemotherapy ought to keep away from extended publicity to daylight and keep away from utilizing tanning beds.
Probiotics are merchandise that comprise reside micro organism and yeast. These micro organism could also be helpful in preventing unhealthy micro organism and aiding in digestive and bowel operate.
Nevertheless, an individual present process chemotherapy should avoid probiotics as a result of their weakened immune system. Merchandise that will comprise probiotics embody:
- cottage cheese
- probiotic capsules, capsules, and powders
There are additionally issues that an individual can do whereas present process chemotherapy to mitigate the negative effects of therapy.
To assist mitigate fatigue, which is without doubt one of the widespread negative effects of chemotherapy, an individual ought to take into account:
- Having somebody drive them to and from their chemotherapy appointments.
- Requesting diminished hours at work.
- Organizing childcare for the day of and the day after a chemotherapy appointment.
- Setting time apart to relaxation the day of and after a chemotherapy appointment.
An individual can minimize the chance of getting infections throughout chemotherapy by:
- Washing their palms totally with cleaning soap and heat water, particularly after utilizing the lavatory and earlier than and after consuming.
- Carrying a bottle of alcohol-based hand sanitizer.
- Avoiding giant crowds and put on a masks if wanted.
- Getting a flu shot earlier than winter.
A common facet impact of chemotherapy is lack of urge for food and sensitivity to sure varieties of food and drinks. An individual can take the next precautions to mitigate these negative effects:
- Totally scrubbing and washing all uncooked vegatables and fruits.
- Ingesting at the very least 8-12 cups of liquid each day to forestall dehydration.
- Happening brief walks each day to remain energetic, as this will likely improve urge for food.
- Specializing in consuming numerous protein and calories to keep up energy.
- Washing all kitchen utensils and counter tops earlier than and after use.
- Cooking all meals to a ample temperature.
- Consuming a better variety of smaller meals, moderately than three giant meals a day.
An individual’s pores and skin can grow to be extra delicate to UV gentle throughout chemotherapy. An individual can take the next precautions:
- Moisturizing the pores and skin to forestall itchiness and dryness.
- Carrying and carrying sunscreen to guard the pores and skin from UV gentle.
- Utilizing soaps which might be light on the pores and skin.
- Carrying loose-fitting garments and sporting a hat when within the solar.
As smoking can have detrimental results on chemotherapy, it’s important that an individual quit smoking earlier than chemotherapy and preserve this even after chemotherapy has ended.
Chemotherapy therapy might be bodily and mentally taxing. If an individual is discovering it exhausting to manage or wants further assist, sources and companies can be found.
The Organizations that Offer Cancer Support Services database from the Nationwide Most cancers Institute lists most cancers assist companies, together with organizations that supply monetary help, assist teams, and counselors.
Folks also can name The Nationwide Most cancers Institute at 1-800-422-6237 to obtain extra data on organizations that supply help.
The American Cancer Society has many companies, together with a 24/7 helpline at 1-800-227-2345, transportation to appointments, and a most cancers survivors community.
Chemotherapy is a therapy possibility for most cancers. Chemotherapy medication goal most cancers cells which cease or gradual their development.
An individual present process chemotherapy ought to keep away from consuming undercooked or uncooked meals, interacting with actively infectious folks, overexerting themselves, and consuming an excessive amount of alcohol.
There are additionally issues that an individual can do to reduce dangers throughout chemotherapy. This consists of training good hygiene, akin to hand-washing, to reduce the chance of an infection.
Help choices can be found for folks present process chemotherapy, akin to devoted assist teams, hotlines, and counselors.